Electra Protocol is a proof-of-stake blockchain. This means that users can stake their XEP coins in order to keep the network up. In return for pledging their coins, the blockchain is rewarding users with ~3% rewards APY, which are paid out in XEP to eligible validators. These XEP staking rewards are taken from the reserved token allocation. With the creation of the blockchain in January 2021, 44% of the whole supply was reserved to be used in the future for paying out staking rewards.
The discrepancy between the circulating supply (~ 17.4 billion XEP as of January 2022) and the max supply (30 billion XEP) are all XEP coins which can still be mined for paying out such rewards. This means that more than 12 billion XEP will be available for staking. When max supply is reached, the max block reward will be set to 100 XEP. Current supply: see XEP Block Explorer (opens in a new browser tab).